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Author: Philippe Rochat

Title: “Five levels of self-awareness as they unfold early in life”

Date: 27 February 2003

Publisher: Elsevier, Utrecht, NL

Rochat posits a sequence of steps in a child’s development of self-consciousness. “The poet Arthur Rimbaud claimed that ‘‘I is some one Else’’ (‘‘Je est quelquun dautre’’), suggesting that we conceive ourselves through the eyes of others. It appears indeed that by 2–3 years young children do start to have others in mind when they behave.” This study shows a process of progressive self-sensitivity that informs the contextualization of behavior and cognition.


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